EUKLEMS is the outcome of a long and established history and it has become over time the go-to reference when it comes to harmonised, industry-level data on production, value added, inputs, labour, investment and capital stocks across EU, US and other high-income economies

The compilation and update of the EUKLEMS database stems from a research project “Productivity in the European Union: a Comparative Industry Approach”, funded by the European Commission Directorate General, within the 6th Framework Programme, Priority 8, “Policy Support and Anticipating Scientific and Technological Needs”.

The name EUKLEMS stands for European Union (EU) levels of capital (K), labour (L), energy (E), Material (M) and service (S) inputs.
The original project started in 2003 and ended in 2008 and involved 18 European research institutes in a joint effort to gather and harmonise the necessary data, under the coordination of the Groningen Growth and Development centre (GGDC) at the University of Groningen, in the Netherlands.
Subsequently, the database has been updated several times in 2009, 2011, 2012, 2016, 2019, involving a wide network of researchers and institutions , you can find more information on the previous releases of the database at and